Every individual individual, communities, institutions, employers and employees have a mutual responsibility to prevent HIV-related stigma and discrimination in the society.
The HIV and AIDS (Anti-discrimination) Act, 2014 imposes the following obligations on the individual, the community and the employer:

  • To take positive steps to promote equality of opportunity and treatment, as well as non-discrimination on the ground of real or perceived HIV status;

  • To identify and eliminate barriers which aderseley affect people living with HIV;

  • To provide reasonable accommodation to support people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS in their daily lives;

  • To provide a safe workplace, include taking measures to minimise risks of occupational exposure to HIV and adopt safety procedures in the workplace;

  • To report cases of occupationallly acquired HIV to the Minister in charge of Labour and Productivity, failure of which may result in a fine of not less than ₦250,000 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year, or both fine and imprisonment;

  • To assist employees or clients who have been infected with HIV in the course of employment or use of a public service in their application for compensation benefits, including by providing information to affected employees or clients on the procedure that will need to be followed in order to qualify for a compensation claim, and by assisting the employee or the client with the collection of information which will assit in proving that employees or clients were occupationally exposed to HIV infection;

  • To include in existing workplace grievance procedures, the protection of the rights of people living with or affected by HIV as well as remedies available to them in the event of violation of their rights;

  • To adopt a written workplace policy consistent with the National HIV and AIDS Workplace Policy, when they employ five persons or more. Sanctions for not adopting such policy within twelve months of the commencement of the HIV and AIDS (anti-discrimination) Act, 2014 or within twelve months of commencement of a new business is a fine of ₦ 250 000 for the first year of default and ₦ 100 000 for each subsequent year if the employer continues to default.


It is an offence to discriminate against people living with or affected by HIV and AIDS on the basis of their real or perceived HIV status, unless the diffence in treatment is justified by the need to protect another person from real and immediate risks of HIV infection.

An act of discrimination against a person on the basis of his or her real or perceived HIV status is punishable by a fine of no less than ₦500 000 for an individual and ₦2 000 000 for an institution, or  a prison term of not less than one year, or both fine and imprisonment for an individual. In the case of an organsiation, the head or representatives of the board of the organisation will lbe held liable.

Breach of confidentiality of medical records or HIV status of a person living with HIV is punishable by a fine of ₦500 000 for an individual and ₦1 000 000 for an institution, or  a prison term not exceeding two years, or both fine and imprisonment.