What is a protection order: protection order when the Court is satisfied that there is evidence that the respondent is committing, has committed or there is an imminent likelihood that he may commit an act of domestic violence. Domestic violence refers to any act perpetrated on any person in a domestic relationship where such act causes harm or may cause imminent harm to the safety, health or well-being of any person.

This covers people who are married to each other, including marriages according to any law, custom or religion; people who live or have lived together in a relationship in the nature of marriage, although they are not or were not married to each other; people who are the parents of a child or children or have or had the parental responsibility of those children; people of the same family who are related by blood, affinity or adoption; people who are or were in an engagement, dating or customary relationship, including actual or perceived romantic, intimate or sexual relationship of any duration; as well as people who share or recently shared the same residence. With the protection order, the Court can prohibit the respondent (the violent spouse) from committing any act of domestic violence; entering a shared household, if this is in the best interest of the complainant; entering the complainantís residence; entering the complainantís place of employment; etc. The protection order may also impose positive obligations on the respondent, such as the obligation to the discharge of rent or mortgage payments, may order the respondent to pay emergency monetary relief. The emergency monetary relief refers to the payment of compensation for monetary losses suffered by any person arising from an act of ciolence and does not in any way constitute a maintenance order. It is only related to the consequances of violence and stop as soon as the consequances of such violence are remedied. It may cover payment for loss of earnings, medical and dental expenses, relocation and accommodation expenses, household necessities or legal fees related to obtaining and serving the protection order. It may also contain provisions for the child, such as refuse the respondent contact with such child if this is in the best interest of that child.

Protection order from the court:

1. Protection of victims:

Court hearings are held in private, in presence of only officers of the Court, the parties to the proceeding, any person bringing an application on behalf of the complainant, any legal practitioner representing any party to the proceedings, accredited service provider, withnesses, not more than 3 persons with the purpose of providing support to the complainant, not more than 3 persons with the purpose of providing support to the respondent, and any other person whom the Court permits to be present.

2. Rights of victims:
A person or a gourp of persons who, individually or collectively have suffered harm such as physical or mental injruy, emotional suffering, economic loss, substantial impairment of their fundamental rights, through acts or omissions that are in violation of this Act or the criminal laws of the country. The immediate family or dependants of the direct victim and any other person who has suffered harm in intervening to assist victim in distress are also considered as victim in the VAPP Act.

Every victim of violence is entitled to the following:

To receive compensation for the harm and losses caused by the act of violence, as the Court deeems appropriate in the circumstances;
To receive the necessary materials, comprehensive, medical, psychological, social and legal assistance through governmental agencies or non-governmental agencies providing such services;
To be informed of the availability of legal, health and social services and other relevant assistance and be readily afforded access to them;
To rehabilitation and re-integration programme of the State to enable victims to acquire pre-requisite skills in any vocation of the victimís choice, in formal education or access to micro credit facilities;
No complainant of any offence under this Act shall be exelled, disengaged, suspended or punished in any form by virtue of the action of compliance with the provisions of this Act;
To have his or her identity kept confidential.