• Human Rights, The Law And The Constitution In Nigeria

Chapter Four of the Constitution of Nigeria guarantees a list of basic rights to all Nigerians. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. It means that laws that are inconsistent with its provisions, including the basic rights it guarantees in its Chapter Four, are invalid. Equally, any cultural practices must be consistent with the provisions of the Constitution. In addition, all persons, public and private, and all authorities throughout the Federal Republic of Nigeria are bound to respect and abide by the provisions of the Constitution, including the obligations to respect the basic rights contained in Chapter Four.

When a person claims that his or her rights guaranteed in the Constitution have not been respected or have been violated, he or she has the right to approach the High Court to demand reparation.